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JAMES CARDWELL — W2998 — EXCERPTS[1]


NOTES
by Rand Cardwell

[1] James Cardwell, son of John Cardwell and Keziah Lowe Cardwell, was born October 9, 1761 in Charlotte County, Virginia. His early years revolved around living life on a Virginia farm with his brothers and sisters. James Cardwell served during the Revolutionary War as a Private in the Virginia militia. His widow, Sarah Crockett Cardwell, received a Widows Pension from the Federal Government for his services during the war. Those records contain information that is interesting concerning the time period. Revolutionary War Pension Application #W.2998 contains several affidavits from various people that knew James Cardwell and some of this children.

[2] This has a important piece of information in that it is stated that James rode express for General Greene. During the war express riders were used in sending vital military information between units. It was hazardous duty considering that they carried battle plans and other important information. It is known that numerous attempts to capture express riders were common on both sides of the conflict. These positions were normally given to young men of strong resolve and that owned a quick horse. This points favorable to James Cardwell being a cut above other militia soldiers.

[3] This affidavit states that James Cardwell served at two major battles during the Revolutionary War. One being the America defeat at Camden, which occurred in August 1780, in which the British won and killed or captured hundreds of American soldiers. It was an embarrassment to the American forces and a major setback to the efforts in the southern campaign. The second battle that is mentioned is the Siege at Yorktown. This battle signified the end of British hostilities during the war, as the British Commander, Lord Cornwallis, surrendered.

[4] This affidavit confirms in the previous one and adds that James Cardwell was at the battle of Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina. That battle was a significant one for the American forces and it put the British, under Lord Cornwallis, on the defensive.

[5] This is James Cardwell’s sister.

[6] This information is important in establishing the migration of the Crockett and Cardwell families to Mercer County, Kentucky. Additionally, it confirms the marriage of James Cardwell and Sarah Crockett.

[7] Appears that two documents were presented to the court. One being the original marriage bound between James Cardwell and Sarah Crockett. The other being what appears as a copy of discharge papers.


Contact: Rand Cardwell, wrcardwell, author of John Cardwell - 1715 to 1795

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