On this 17th day of September, 1832, personally appeared in open court before the Justices of the Court of Pittsylvania, now sitting, James Hopkins a resident in the State of Virginia, in the County of Pittsylvania, aged 67 years, on the 22nd February, who being first sworn according to law doth make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress, passed June 7th 1832, —
He entered the service of the United Staes, as a Substitute in the place of James Hopkins, Sr., sometime in the Spring of 1780 and marched from the County of
Amherst and State of aforesaid, under command of Capt. Azariah Martin, Lieut. Wm Holt and Ensign Seay: The place of rendezvous was at Hillsborough, in the
State of North Carolina; after our arrival there we were transfered to the 4th Regt Virginia Malitia commanded by Colo Lucas, from the County of Macklenburg,
the Brigade was commanded by Brigadier General Stevens, from the County of Culpeper; After remaining at Hillsborough some time for the purpose of being
disciplined, we were ordered to march to South Carolina and join Major General H. Gates, Commander in Chief of the southern Army at a place called Rugeleys
Mill: On the Morning of the 15th August; rested the balance of the day and one oclock at night took off--the time of march to surprise the enemy before day, who
marched at the same time; the two Armies met on the middle ground, a sharp skirmish between the advanced guards took place. That night the line was formed
and the men stood under arms all night, the next morning, August the 16th the line was ordered to advance and a general engagement took place about the rising
of the sun, which resulted in a shameful defeat of the southern Army; there was no place designated inthe event of a defeat at which we should rendezvous; we lost
all out baggage and were destitute of any clothing except what little we had on; seperated from our officers and no means of subsistance--under these appalling
circumstances, although our term of services was nearly expired, a considerable number of the company to which he belonged determined to make the best of
their way home; After our return to Amherst County, a Court of enquiry convened and made an Order that we should all be sent back and serve a tour of eight
months under regular officers; we were accordingly mustered and put under command of Capt Paulin, who marched us bacvk to Hillsborough, where General
Greenes Army then lay, and we were transfered to the command of Capt Graves, from the County of Culpeper, who was assigned to take command of the men
sent back from a few other Counties for the same offence. In a short time the army was ordered to march south, we passed through Salisbury and Charlotte and
about the 1st January 1781, we took winter quarters on the North Side of Ceder River near the Ceder Hills, South Carolina.
Some time in the month of February, if his memory is correct, there was a general order issued for all men belonging to the "Eight Month's Company," as they
were called, to be discharged and the young men be retained till their term of services expired — this reduced the Company very considerably.
Capt Graves was permitted to return home with these men that were discharged and the balance retained in service, was placed under command of Capt Webb
and Lieut Webb, who he understood came from about Richmond, Virginia.
Shortly after this General Morgan defeted Colo Tarlton at a place called, Cowpens and took a number prisoners and had to make a rapid retreat to keep them
from being retaken by the enemy — as soon as General Greene received the information he immediately marched off the Army to cover Morgans retreat and left
this small Company of Eight Months Men, some of whom were stationed at mills to guard and keep them employed in grinding meal and flour for the use of the
Army and some to guard the encampent; finally Capt Webb received orders to take charge of 8 or 10 waggons loaded with meal and flour and about 400 head of
hogs to follow after the Army and we were in fact in rear of both Armies, when we reached Deep River in North Carolina, intending to go to Guilford Courthouse,
we received inteligence that Cornwallis was at this plafe, we had then to change our route, turned to the right went to Halifax and Granville Countys and crossed
the Roanoke River at Taylors Ferry, near which place in the County of Mecklenburg in the Stae of Virginia was a Commissary store where the Capt delivered the
meal, flour and hogs, which we protected through safe thought a part of our Country that at that time, was literally speaking in the hands of the British and Tories;
by this time our term of service was nearly expired, we were premitted to draw up a petition and sent it on by express to General Greene, stating our situation; that
we were almost naked, almost worn out with fatigue and praying him to send orders to the Capt to discharge us, which he did, and we met the express in the
County of Halifax, near banister River in State of Virginia where the company were accordingly discharged, which was about the 1st of March 1781;
Hisdischarge has long since been destroyed that he has no documentary evidence, he claims to have served in the whole, nine months.
He hereby relinquishes every claim whatsoever to pension or annuity except the present and declares his name is not on the pension roll of the Agency of any
State, sworn to and subscribed the date above.
Griffith Dickinson, Sr., a Clergyman in the County of Pittsylvania and William Swanson in the same County, were acquainted with Hopkins and declared he was 67 years of age, and was reputed to have been a soldier of the Revolutionary War; Sworn to and subscribed the 7th September 1832, before William Turstall, Clerk of Pittsylvania Court.
Source: Possibly, Persi records: Surname: Hopkins;
Article Title: James Hopkins, declaration, 1832, Virginia;
Periodical: William and Mary Quarterly
Volume: 10 Number: 1 (January 1930).